By G.M Frazer

Pakundia Upazila :

Pakundia Upazila (kishoreganj district) with an area of 180.52 sq km, is bounded by hossainpur and kishoreganj sadar upazilas on the north, kapasia and monohardi upazilas on the south, katiadi upazila on the east, gaffargaon upazila on the west. Main rivers are Old Brahmaputra, Narasunda and Banar.

Pakundia (Town) consists of three mouzas. The town has an area of 5.02 sq km. It has a population of 4773; male 52.99%, female 47.01%. Literacy rate among the town people 42.3%.

Administration Pakundia thana, now an upazila, was established in 1932. The upazila consists of 10 union parishads, 97 mouzas and 170 villages.

Archaeological heritage and relics Fort of Isa Khan at Egarasindur and mosque at village Salanga (Mughal period).

Population 210355; male 51.26%, female 48.74%; Muslim 95.75%, Hindu 4.25%.

Religious institutions Mosque 310, temple 4.

Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 29.3%; male 33.3% and female 24.2%. Educational institutions: college 1, high school 27, junior high school 12, government primary school 96, community school 65, kindergarten 4.

Cultural organisations Club 20, public library 1, cooperative society 310, cinema hall 1, women's organisation 1, drama stage 1.

Main occupations Agriculture 61.51%, agricultural labourer 16.42%, wage labourer 2.05%, commerce 7.10%, service 4.7%, others 8.22%.

Land use Cultivable land 13036.42, fallow land 93.08 hectares; single crop 33.22%, double crop 46.82% and treble crop land 19.96%.

Land control Among the peasants 30% are landless, 35% small, 25% intermediate and 10% rich.

Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 10000 per 0.01 hectare.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, onion and vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sugarcane, mustard seed, jute and sweet potato.

Main fruits Pineapple, mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, litchi and black berry.

Fisheries, poultries Poultry 26, fishery 51, hatchery 5.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 30 km, semi pucca 10 km and mud road 880 km.

Traditional transport Palanquin (extinct), boat.

Manufactories Sugar mill 1, flour mill 1, saw mill 12, rice mill 10, oil mill 2, food product 2.

Cottage industries Potteries 5, wood work 29, etc.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 24, most noted of which is Pakundia Bazar; fair 1 (Kudalia Mela).

Main exports Paddy, onion, banana and papaya.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, caritas.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 8. [Md. Jahangir Alam]